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Present Tenses English Grammar

The Present tenses English grammar category is to help clients improve their understanding of English present tenses.

The Present Simple Tense

The Present Simple Tense

Present Simple Master Image clases Ingles Online

The Present Simple Tense

In this blog post we will explain how to use the present simple tense.

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Is the present simple an important tense?

Yes, the present simple tense is the first tense you will learn when you study English.

But many experienced speakers sometimes forget the rules and confuse the present simple with the present continuous.
It is always a good idea to check your understanding.

In this blog post we will explain the uses of the present simple, how it is formed and look at adverbs of frequency.

Level: Pre-Intermediate (B2)
Reading Time: 7 Minutes

How many uses does the present simple tense have?

The present simple tense has four uses.

Present Simple I drive to work clases Ingles Online

What is the first use of the Present Simple tense?

The first use of the present simple tense is to express an action that happens again and again.

For example:

“I drive to work”.

“He walks to school on weekdays”.

Does the action have to happen regularly?

No, it does not, the time gap between the repeating the action is not important, it could be every hour, every day, every week, every year, every 10 years.
What is important is that the action repeats.

For example:

“Every day I go to the gym”.

“Every eight years we go to Scotland for a school reunion”.


What is the second use of the present simple tense?

The second use of the present simple is to express habits.

For example:

“My brother smokes 20 cigars a day”.

“I think John drinks a bottle of wine each night”.

What is the third use of the present simple tense?

Present Simple Fact Image clases Ingles OnlineThe present simple is used to express a fact that is ALWAYS true.

For example

“My eyes are grey”.

I can’t naturally change the colour of my eyes.

“The Sun rises in the east and sets in the west”.

We can’t change this fact.

What is the fourth use of the present simple tense?

The fourth use of the present simple tense is similar to the third use, but has a subtle difference.
The fourth use is to express a fact that is true for A LONG TIME.

For example

“I work for Do-English”.

I started to work for Do-English in 2008 and I still work for it.
This has been true for a long time.

“John is American, but he lives in Palma”.

It is a true fact (always) that John is an American; it is also true (for a long time) that he lives in Palma.

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How do I form the Present Simple Tense? Pt1

It’s simple!

The present simple and the pronouns; I, you, we and they.

Positive Sentences

When you use the pronouns, I, you, we, and they, in positive sentences, use the verb in its base form.

For example

“I go to school each day”.

“You work to much”.

“We live in London”.

“They are nice people”.

Present Simple London Image clases Ingles OnlineNegative Sentences

When you use the pronouns, I, you, we, and they, in negative sentences, use the auxiliary verb don’t and the verb in its base form.
If you are using the verb to be then use aren’t.

For example

“I don’t go to school each day”.

“You don’t work to much”.

“We don’t live in London”.

“They aren’t nice people”.

Question Sentences

When you use the pronouns, I, you, we, and they, in question sentences, use the question word do and the verb in its base form.
If you are using the verb to be then use are.

For example

“Do I go to school each day”?

“Do you work to much”?

“Do we live in London”?

“Are they nice people”?

How do I form the Present Simple Tense? Pt2

The present simple and the pronouns; he, she and it.

Positive Sentences

When you use the pronouns he, she and it in positive sentences, you normally add –s to the verb in its base form.

However, if the verb ends in –ss, –sh, –ch, –x, or –o add –es.

If the verb ends in a consonant and –y change the –y to –ies.

If the verb ends in a vowel and –y add –s.

For example

“He wants to go home”. (want)

“She fixes cars at the weekend”. (fix)

“Poor George, he worries too much”. (worry)

“Look at that computer, it plays music”! (play)

Negative Sentences

When you use the pronouns, he, she and it, in negative sentences, use the auxiliary doesn’t and the verb in its base form.

For example

“He doesn’t want to go home”.

“She doesn’t fix cars at the weekend”.

“George is lucky, he doesn’t worry at all”.

“Look at that computer, it doesn’t play music”!

Question Sentences

When you use the pronouns, he she and it, in question sentences, use the question word does and the verb in its base form.

For example

“Does he want to go home”?

“Does she fix cars at the weekend”?

“Does George worry”?

“Does that computer play music”?

Present Simple habbits Image clases Ingles OnlineAre and is questions.

“Are” and “is”, have two uses.

Use One: when the answer is yes or no.

For example

“Are they nice people”?

“Yes”.

“Is that computer online”?

“No”.

Use Two: when you make a question with, where, what, why, who when, and how you have to use are or is.

For example

“What are they up to”?

“I am not sure; I think they are talking about us”.

“What is the name of Mary’s brother”?

“Fernando, I think”.

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Adverbs of frequency, what are they?

Adverbs of frequency tell us how often an action happens.
From 0% to 100%:

  • Never = 0%

  • Rarely = 10%

  • Hardly ever = 20%

  • Not often = 30%

  • Sometimes = 50%

  • Often = 65%

  • Usually = 80%

  • Always = 100%

Where do I put adverbs of frequency in my sentences?

Present Simple Adverbs Frequency clases Ingles OnlineNormally before the main verb.

For example:

“I never eat my dinner before 8PM”.

But always after the verb to be (is, am, are).

For example:

“They are usually late”.

The adverbs usually and sometimes can be put at the start and end of sentences.
They can also be put before the main verb, it is your choice.

For example:

“Sometimes I drink a beer at night”.
“I sometimes drink a beer at night”.
“I drink a beer at night, sometimes”.

“Usually she goes shopping on Saturdays”.
“She usually goes shopping on Saturdays”.
“She goes shopping on Saturdays, usually”.

That’s it

Everything you need to know about the present simple, now all you need to do is practice.

We think the best way to practice is with students like you and great native speaking English teachers in our virtual classrooms.
We welcome you to take a free trial lesson, just click here and book your free trial lesson now.



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Written: Feargal – feargal@do-english.com
Translated: Juan Ramon – juan@do-english.com
Date: 5th January 2017
(c)Do-English

#Present #Simple #Grammar #English #Online

Tu Academia De Inglés Online

El tiempo ‘Present Simple’

En este blog post explicaremos cómo usar el tiempo ‘present simple’

¿Es importante el tiempo ‘present simple’?

Sí, es importante porque es el tiempo que se estudia primero en Inglés
Pero muchos de los anglo parlantes a veces olvidan las reglas y confunden el ‘present simple’ con el ‘present continuous’.
Así que siempre es buena idea revisar su funcionamiento.
En este blog post explicaremos el uso del presente simple, cómo se forma y veremos los adverbios de frecuencia.

Nivel: Pre-intermediate (B2)
Tiempo de lectura: 7 minutos.

¿Cuántos usos tiene el tiempo ‘present simple’?

El present simple tiene cuatro usos

¿Cuál es el primer uso del ‘Present Simple’?

El primer uso del present simple es para expresar una acción que ocurre continuamente.

Por ejemplo:
“I drive to work”.
“He walks to school on weekdays”.

¿La acción tiene que ocurrir regularmente?

No, no es necesario, el intervalo de repetición de la acción no es importante, puede ocurrir cada hora, cada día, cada semana, cada año, cada 10 años.
Lo importante es que la acción se repita.

Por ejemplo:
“Every day I go to the gym”.
“Every eight years we go to Scotland for a school reunion”.

¿Cuál es el segundo uso del ‘present simple’?

El Segundo uso del ‘present simple’ es para expresar hábitos

Por ejemplo:
“My brother smokes 20 cigars a day”.
“I think John drinks a bottle of wine each night”.

¿Cuál es el tercer uso del ‘present simple’?

El present simple se usa para expresar un hecho o situtción que SIEMPRE es verdad.

Por ejemplo:
“My eyes are grey”.
“Mary is Irish”.

¿Cuál es el cuarto uso del present simple?

El cuarto uso del ‘present simple’ es similar al tercer uso, pero con una sutil diferencia.
El cuarto uso expresa un hecho o situación que es verdadera durante mucho tiempo.

Por ejemplo:
“I work for Do-English”.
“John is American, but he lives in Palma”.
Es un hecho cierto (siempre) que John es Americano, y es cierto (durante mucho tiempo) que vive en Palma.

¿Cómo se forma el tiempo ‘Simple Present’?

Es simple

El presente simple y los pronombres; Yo, tú, nosotros y ellos.

Frases afirmativas:
Cuando se usa los pronombres, yo, tú, usted, nosotros y ellos, en oraciones positivas, usamos el verbo en su forma base.

Por ejemplo:
“I go to school each day”.
“You work to much”.
“We live in London”.
“They are nice people”.

Frases negativas:
Cuando se usa pronombres, yo, tu, usted, nosotros y ellos, en oraciones negativas, usamos los verbos auxiliares, don’t, isn’t or aren’t y el verbo en su forma base.

por ejemplo:
“I don’t go to school each day”.
“You don’t work to much”.
“We don’t live in London”.
“They aren’t nice people”.

Frases interrogativas:
Cuando se usan los pronombres, yo, tú, usted, nosotros y ellos, en oraciones interrogativas, usamos las palabras do, is or are y el verbo en su forma base.

por ejemplo:
“Do I go to school each day”?
“Do you work to much”?
“Do we live in London”?
“Are they nice people”?

El present simple y los pronombres: el, ella y ello

Frases afirmativas:
Cuando se usa los pronombres él, ella y ello en oraciones afirmativas, normalmente se añade una ‘s’ al verbo en su forma básica.
Sin embrago, si el verbo acaba en –ss, –sh, –ch, –x, y –o se añade: es
Si el verbo acaba acaba en consonante y ‘y’ se cambia la ‘y’ por ‘ies’.
Si el verbo acaba en vocal y ‘y’, se añade una ‘s’.

por ejemplo:
“He wants to go home”. (want)
“She fixes cars at the weekend”. (fix)
“Poor George, he worries too much”. (worry)
“Look at that computer, it plays music”! (play)

Oraciones negativas:
Cuando se usan los pronombres ‘él’, ‘ella’ y ‘ello’ en oraciones negativas, se utiliza el auxiliar doesn’t y el verbo en su forma básica.

por ejemplo:
“He doesn’t want to go home”.
“She doesn’t fix cars at the weekend”.
“George is lucky, he doesn’t worry at all”.
“Look at that computer, it doesn’t play music”!

Oraciones interrogativas:
Cuando se usan los pronombres ‘él’, ‘ella’ y ‘ello’ en oraciones interrogativas, se utiliza el auxiliar does y el verbo en su forma básica.

por ejemplo:
“Does he want to go home”?
“Does she fix cars at the weekend”?
“Does George worry”?
“Is that computer online”?

Preguntas con ‘are’ y con ‘is’, no entiendo cuando usarlas.

‘Are’ y ‘is’ tienen dos usos
Uso uno: cuando la respuesta es ‘si’ o ‘no’

por ejemplo:
“Are they nice people”?
“Yes”.

“Is that computer online”?
“No”.

Segundo uso: Cuando se hace una prgunta con ‘where’, ‘what’, ‘why’, ‘who’, ‘when’, y ‘how’ se hace con ‘are’ o ‘is’.

por ejemplo:
“What are they up to”?
“I am not sure; I think they are talking about us”.

“What is the name of Mary’s brother”?
“Fernando, I think”.

¿Qué son los advebios de frecuencia?

Los adverbios de frecuencia nos dice la periodicidad de una acción.
De 100% a 0%:

Never = 0%
Rarely = 10%
Hardly ever = 20%
Not often = 30%
Sometimes = 50%
Often = 65%
Usually = 80%
Always = 100%

¿Dónde se ponen los adverbios de frecuencia en las oraciones?

Normalmente antes del verbo principal.

por ejemplo:
“I never eat my dinner before 8PM”.

Pero siempre después del verbo to be (is, am, are)

por ejemplo:
“They are usually late”.

Los adverbios ‘usually’ y ‘sometimes’ se pueden poner al principio y al final de la oración. También se pueden poner antes del verbo principal.

por ejemplo:
“Sometimes I drink a beer at night”.
“I sometimes drink a beer at night”.
“I drink a beer at night, sometimes”.

“Usually she goes shopping on Saturdays”.
“She usually goes shopping on Saturdays”.
“She goes shopping on Saturdays, usually”.

Esto es todo. Lo que necesites aprender del ‘present simple’, ahora es practicar con él.

La mejor manera de practicar es con alumnos como tú y con nativos anglo parlantes en nuestras aulas virtuales.
Te invitamos a probar una clase gratis, haz click en el siguiente enlace para reservar la clase gratis.

Present Simple

Present Simple

¿Qué es el Present Simple?

El ‘present simple tense’ (también llamado el ‘simple present tense’) es el primer tiempo verbal que la mayoría de la gente aprende en inglés, tiene cuatro usos diferentes.

Dependiendo de cómo se usa el Present Simple, hay diferentes construcciones de este tiempo verbal.

Antes de ver las diferentes construcciones, vamos a ver los cuatro usos del Present Simple en inglés.

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